In the US, there are approximately five to seven thousand cases of rabies annually. Raccoons account for 35% of reported cases. Fortunately there has only been one documented case of rabies due to their bite, being fatal. In the late 1970’s, rabid raccoons were found in Virginia and West Virginia and soon spread to the adjoining states. An estimated fifty thousand cases of raccoon rabies were diagnosed. In 2003, Tennessee became the 20th state to have animals test positive. Household pets are even more susceptible and have a higher chance of direct contact.